Science

2016 was hottest year on record, worldwide report confirms

2016 was hottest year on record, worldwide report confirms”

Even if they are not taken into account in the report, the first six months of 2017 are also among the warmest recorded since 1880, according to NOAA.

The latest federal report on the Earth's warming climate doesn't mince words about the disturbing trends, man's contributions or the dangers that millions across the globe already face, especially in low-lying coastal areas in Florida and elsewhere.

President Donald Trump judge the agreement "detrimental to the u.s. economy".

The findings contradict the talking points of the Trump administration, which has openly questioned the science behind climate change and the degree that humans contribute to it, and which has moved to reverse the clean-air initiatives of the Obama White House.

But as humanity continues to rely on fossil fuels for energy unprecedented levels of greenhouse gases are polluting the atmosphere, acting like a blanket to capture heat around the Earth, the report emphasized.

Sea surface temperatures were also the highest on record and have increased by 1.62 degrees between 2000 and 2016.

Scientists found that the increase in Carbon dioxide concentration rose to new record highs in 2016 and they recorded the largest annual increase observed in the last 58 years.

Melting glaciers and polar ice caps swelled the world's oceans, and global average sea level rose to a new record high in 2016 - about 3.25 inches (82 millimeters) higher than the 1993 average.

In the sensitive polar regions, sea ice in both the Arctic and Antarctic hit record lows. The average temperature of land surfaces north of 60°N latitude rose 2.0°C above the 1981 to 2010 average and broke previous records set in 2007, 2011, and 2015 by 0.8°C.

The report is a peer-reviewed annual series led by NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information and the American Meteorological Society, and is based on contributions from almost 500 scientists from more than 60 countries.

This represents a 6.3 F (3.5 C) increase since records began in 1900.

Several countries, including Mexico and India, have recorded annual temperature records in 2016.

In 2016, meteorologists recorded 93 named tropical storms worldwide - above the 1981 to 2010 average of 82, but fewer than the 101 storms in 2015.

A heat wave of a week in the indian peninsula, with temperatures exceeding 44 degrees Celsius, has helped create a shortage of water for 330 million people and 300 people.

"Drought in 2016 was among the most extensive in the post-1950 record", said the report.

It confirmed the heat resulted from the combined influence of long-term temperature rising and a strong El Nino - a climate cycle in the Pacific Ocean with a global impact on weather patterns.



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