Health Care

Could Marmite Reduce Birth Defects And Miscarriages?

Could Marmite Reduce Birth Defects And Miscarriages?”

But while many pregnant women take dietary supplements, research has shown that up to one third of women in the USA have low levels of vitamin B3 during their pregnancy.

Research has showed that vitamin B3, also known as niacin, can cure molecular deficiencies that stop embryos and babies' organs from developing correctly in the womb.

A simple vitamin supplement could be the key to preventing birth defects and miscarriages worldwide, Australian researchers have found.

The lead scientists of the discovery, professor Sally Dunwoodie, told Xinhua that she never thought that she would be able to make such an important discovery and this it can open new avenues to improve the lives of women around the world.

"The ramifications are likely to be huge".

One in four pregnant women now suffer from a miscarriage, and an estimated 7.9 million babies worldwide are born with a serious birth defect every year.

Studies have also shown that by the third trimester of pregnancy, 60% of women are deficit in vitamin B3 and they need to complement their diet with additional supplements of the nutrient.

According to the executive director of the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute, Professor Robert Graham, the implications are profound.

"We would advise that women contemplating pregnancy just take the recommended multi-vitamins that include vitamin B3... but research is needed to identify the women at risk", Professor Dunwoodie added.

He said: 'Today's announcement provides new hope to the one in four pregnant women who suffer a miscarriage.

"We believe that this breakthrough will be one of our country's greatest medical discoveries. It's actually a double breakthrough".

The findings are reported in The New England Journal of Medicine.

The researchers genetically sequenced families suffering from miscarriages and birth defects.

Affected babies have anomalies in at least three of the spine, anus, heart, windpipe, eosophagus and limbs.

Several years later, the researchers found a similar mutation affecting NAD production in the family of another baby born with congenital problems.

"The Australian population is not considered to be deficient in niacin", she says.

It's the first time that NAD (aka nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) has been linked to congenital abnormalities, identifying a previously unknown cause of birth defects - along with the supplement that might treat the problem. Environmental and genetic factors can disrupt its production, which causes a NAD deficiency. This new study has the potential to be more wide-reaching; it addresses a number of different types of birth defects that involve the heart, kidneys and the vertebrae as well as miscarriages.

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