World's biggest X-ray goes into operation in Germany

World's biggest X-ray goes into operation in Germany”

The scientists will have placed a sample of what they want imaged in a certain spot beforehand, and these X-rays will strike that sample, scattering photons that create an X-ray image of the material's atomic structure. It will enable worldwide scientists to decipher the molecular composition of viruses and cells, take three-dimensional images of the nanoworld, film chemical reactions and study processes occurring deep inside planets.

What can the world's biggest X-ray laser reveal?

. Earth scientists should be able to duplicate and study processes occurring deep inside planets, including our own.

The facility is a project of superlatives: with 27,000 X-ray laser flashes per second and a luminance a billion times higher than that of the best conventional X-ray sources, XFEL will open up entirely new research opportunities and help transcend the current boundaries of scientific research.

The world's largest and most powerful X-ray laser, European XFEL (X-Ray free-electron laser), was officially inaugurated on Friday in northern German city of Hamburg.

That is 27,000 X-ray flashes per second, compared with the 120 flashes per second produced by a laser of the same type at the US National Accelerator Laboratory in Stanford, California, and 60 flashes per second generated by another in Japan. The laser has a superconducting linear particle accelerator which will accelerate them to an energy of 17.5 GeV (GeV).

Scientists expect that with the new laser will be able to make new fundamental discoveries, including in the field of medicine. And in the field of energy, scientists hope to use it to improve the efficiency of solar and fuel cells.

The development of this device that cost more than € 1 billion.

Ten European countries and Russian Federation pitched in with cash and/or resources, and Britain has pledged to join the consortium soon. The participation of eleven countries, including Germany, France, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and others.

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