Health Care

Birthplace of Wine. 8000-year-old Jars Found Near Tbilisi

Birthplace of Wine. 8000-year-old Jars Found Near Tbilisi”

This evidence is now the earliest example of wine making in the world, pre-dating 7000-year-old specimens in north-western Iran.

The earthenware jars containing residual wine compounds were found in two sites south of the Georgian capital, Tbilisi, researchers said, according to BBC.

Before, the oldest chemical evidence of wine in the Near East dated to 5,400-5,000 BC (about 7,000 years ago) and was from the Zagros Mountains of Iran, said the report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), a peer-reviewed United States journal.

"The infinite range of flavors and aromas of today's 8,000-10,000 grape varieties are the end result of the domesticated Eurasian grapevine being transplanted and crossed with wild grapevines elsewhere over and over again", he said.

As innovative as this early viticulture was, though, it wasn't the first time ancient humans mashed grapes into a fermented liquid and made a decision to drink it.

Researchers also found other evidences that support the presence of wine, and these include the ancient grape pollen that were discovered at the excavated sites but not in the topsoil, grape starch particles, fruit fly remains, and cells that researchers think are from grapevines on the inside of one of the pottery fragments.

The Neolithic Period (around 15,200 BCE to 2,000 BCE) was characterized by the beginning of farming, the domestication of animals, the development of crafts such as pottery and weaving, and the production of polished stone tools.

Researchers were particularly intrigued by fired clay pots found in the region - likely to be some of the earliest pottery made in the Near East.

(A) Representative early Neolithic jar from Khramis Didi-Gora.

The villages are from a Neolithic time frame. "6,000-5,800 BC", McGovern and colleagues wrote in their study.

In total, 30 pottery fragments and 26 soil samples were examined, with the inside surface of the pottery ground down a little to produce a powder for analysis.

Researchers used a combination of the latest mass spectrometry and chromatography techniques to identify the ancient compounds.

The findings are reported in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Tests on the associated soils largely showed far lower levels of the acid.

This is where the ancestors of today's wine grapes first grew wild.

Batiuk describes an ancient society in which the drinking and offering of wine penetrates and permeates almost every aspect of life from medical practice to special celebrations, from birth to death, to everyday meals at which toasting is common. Moreover, there are none of the telltale signs that the pots were used for syrup-making, while grape juice would have fermented within a matter of days.

The earliest previously known chemical evidence of wine dated to 5400-5000 BC and was from an area in the Zagros Mountains of Iran.

He invited a team of scientists from all over the world to take a fresh look at two very old archaeological sites in Georgia.

"We believe this is the oldest example of the domestication of a wild-growing Eurasian grapevine exclusively for the production of wine, "Phys.org quoted Stephen Batiuk, a senior research associate in the Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations and the Archaeology Centre at the University of Toronto, and co-author of the study". "They have been saying for years that they have a very long history of winemaking and so we're really cementing that position".



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