Health Care

Birthplace of Wine. 8000-year-old Jars Found Near Tbilisi

Birthplace of Wine. 8000-year-old Jars Found Near Tbilisi”

This evidence is now the earliest example of wine making in the world, pre-dating 7000-year-old specimens in north-western Iran.

The earthenware jars containing residual wine compounds were found in two sites south of the Georgian capital, Tbilisi, researchers said, according to BBC.

Before, the oldest chemical evidence of wine in the Near East dated to 5,400-5,000 BC (about 7,000 years ago) and was from the Zagros Mountains of Iran, said the report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), a peer-reviewed United States journal.

"The infinite range of flavors and aromas of today's 8,000-10,000 grape varieties are the end result of the domesticated Eurasian grapevine being transplanted and crossed with wild grapevines elsewhere over and over again", he said.

As innovative as this early viticulture was, though, it wasn't the first time ancient humans mashed grapes into a fermented liquid and made a decision to drink it.

Researchers also found other evidences that support the presence of wine, and these include the ancient grape pollen that were discovered at the excavated sites but not in the topsoil, grape starch particles, fruit fly remains, and cells that researchers think are from grapevines on the inside of one of the pottery fragments.

The Neolithic Period (around 15,200 BCE to 2,000 BCE) was characterized by the beginning of farming, the domestication of animals, the development of crafts such as pottery and weaving, and the production of polished stone tools.

Researchers were particularly intrigued by fired clay pots found in the region - likely to be some of the earliest pottery made in the Near East.

(A) Representative early Neolithic jar from Khramis Didi-Gora.

The villages are from a Neolithic time frame. "6,000-5,800 BC", McGovern and colleagues wrote in their study.

In total, 30 pottery fragments and 26 soil samples were examined, with the inside surface of the pottery ground down a little to produce a powder for analysis.

Researchers used a combination of the latest mass spectrometry and chromatography techniques to identify the ancient compounds.

The findings are reported in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Tests on the associated soils largely showed far lower levels of the acid.

This is where the ancestors of today's wine grapes first grew wild.

Batiuk describes an ancient society in which the drinking and offering of wine penetrates and permeates almost every aspect of life from medical practice to special celebrations, from birth to death, to everyday meals at which toasting is common. Moreover, there are none of the telltale signs that the pots were used for syrup-making, while grape juice would have fermented within a matter of days.

The earliest previously known chemical evidence of wine dated to 5400-5000 BC and was from an area in the Zagros Mountains of Iran.

He invited a team of scientists from all over the world to take a fresh look at two very old archaeological sites in Georgia.

"We believe this is the oldest example of the domestication of a wild-growing Eurasian grapevine exclusively for the production of wine, "Phys.org quoted Stephen Batiuk, a senior research associate in the Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations and the Archaeology Centre at the University of Toronto, and co-author of the study". "They have been saying for years that they have a very long history of winemaking and so we're really cementing that position".



Like this

loading...
loading...

Latest


14 November 2017
Teravainen's hat trick pushes Canes past Stars with 5-1 victory
His first of the night came on the power play 2:39 into the period, when Jordan Staal found him all alone near the blueline. In third, Teravainen let a shot fly from the left wing as Elias Lindholm screened Bishop on the power play.

14 November 2017
Zlatan slammed on social media following 'arrogant' tweet about Sweden
Andersson wanted the focus to be on the players that achieved the goal rather than the 36-year-old veteran. I am a bit moved but obviously very happy with the result.

14 November 2017
Case Keenum throws four touchdown passes in win over Redskins
Diggs said he wanted to pay homage to service members, but the Vikings were penalized 15 yards for unsportsmanlike conduct. While it wasn't enough to help the Redskins get a victory over the Vikings, Swearinger has been named Kia MVP of the Game.

14 November 2017
Berry Plastics Group Inc (NYSE:BERY) Trading Up - Short Interest Up 11.88%
The Company operates through three segments: Health, Hygiene & Specialties, Consumer Packaging, and Engineered Materials. A ratio over one indicates an increase in share price over the period. 22 funds opened positions while 50 raised stakes.

14 November 2017
Sasi clan stash size RS 1430 cr and counting
The searches at some premises continued for days. "No one was questioned today". Jazz cinemas is owned and operated by Vivek and other members of the family.

14 November 2017
Cardi B Shares Her Unfiltered Opinions on Feminism, Fame and the Future
Daniels is working on such future projects as amusing parenting skits, and she's even writing her own rap songs for parents. I just want to be an artist, I don't want to be no fucking queen. "I would do fucking elevator music".

14 November 2017
Technical Watch: Focusing on Shares of Consumer Disc ETF Vanguard (VCR)
Williams %R is a popular technical indicator created by Larry Williams to help identify overbought and oversold situations. Used as a coincident indicator, the CCI reading above +100 would reflect strong price action which may signal an uptrend.

14 November 2017
ITV revenues dip as advertisers cut spending
The company said its net advertising revenue for its family of channels dropped 4%, compared to an 8% drop in the first half. ITV in July named easyJet CEO and former CEO of The Guardian Media Group Carolyn McCall its new CEO, effective January 8.

14 November 2017
Amazon selling web services unit in China
The country's laws also make companies liable for content considered unsafe or offensive to socialist values. Amazon launched its web services business - better known as AWS - in China in 2014 .

14 November 2017
1.35 is Apollo Global Management LLC's (NYSE:APO) Institutional Investor Sentiment
Mark Asset holds 0.07% or 11,841 shares in its portfolio. 258 were accumulated by Northwestern Mutual Wealth Management Company. The investment managers in our partner's database reported: 135.71 million shares, up from 123.20 million shares in 2017Q1.