Health Care

Women less likely to receive CPR by a bystander

Women less likely to receive CPR by a bystander”

A new study has found a gender gap in a somewhat surprising field: Bystanders were less likely to give a woman CPR than a man - and women were less likely to survive.

“CPR involves pushing on the chest so that could make people less certain whether they can or should do CPR in public on women, ” said Audrey Blewer, M.P.H., the studys lead author and assistant director for educational programs at the Center for Resuscitation Science at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.

A study conducted by researchers of 20,000 cases of heart attacks around the country shows a disturbing trend in how men and women are treated by bystanders, according to their perceived gender.

Another study leader, Dr. Benjamin Abella, of UPenn, said rescuers are afraid to move a woman's clothes or touch her breasts, though if you are administering CPR properly, you wouldn't. It found the odds of suffering cardiac arrest during or soon after sex are very low, but higher for men than women. "In theory, you're touching in between the breasts", he said. If CPR was performed, however, survival rates double or even triple.

The research will be presented at the five-day American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2017 from Saturday to Wednesday in Anaheim, California, the medical center said in a release.

According to the American Heart Association, over 350,000 cardiac arrests occur outside of the hospital each year. About 90 percent of people who experience an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest die.

"This is not a time to be squeamish because it's a life and death situation", Abella said Sunday in a Washington Post report. That research showed women were less likely to receive coronary angiography, which can be used to look for blocked arteries; angioplasty, which is the fix or unblocking of an artery; or to have their body temperature lowered to increase the chance of survival reduce the risk of brain damage. The findings suggest that CPR training may need to be improved. He said he has long anxious that large breasts may impede proper placement of defibrillator pads if women need a shock to restore normal heart rhythm.

"All of us are going to have to take a closer look at this" gender issue, he said. They studied records on more than 4,500 cardiac arrests over 13 years in the Portland area. Most already were on medicines for heart conditions, so their risk was elevated to start with.

Men were also more likely to survive after getting CPR.



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