Iron Used During Bronze Age Was Not From Our Planet

Iron Used During Bronze Age Was Not From Our Planet”

The hiccups were that most of the iron was stacked in the ores and an exceedingly high temperature was required to smelt them - both these factors were beyond the technological capacity of that time. He used geochemical analyses in order to make a difference between metals from Earth and extraterrestrial metals used in a lot of artifacts from around the world originating from the Bronze Age. In fact, all the iron tools that belong to the Bronze Age have unearthly origins. By studying the ratios of iron, cobalt and nickel found within the artefacts, researchers created a system to differentiate iron produced through smelting of ore, and "pre-made" iron of meteoric origin. Using this, Jambon could tell from the iron's impurities whether the metal in the relics came from meteorites or was naturally occurring on Earth. On unusual occasions, iron tools and weapons have been found over the years, which date back to the Bronze Age. However, using it as a metal for object-making requires smelting, and a number of recorded iron artifacts from the time period-such as King Tutankhamun's dagger-predate the time when mankind was known to have such technology.

In a new study, Albert Jambon, from the University Pierre and Marie Curie, surveyed Bronze Age artifacts using portable X-ray fluorescence scanner.

A weapon as legendary as the dagger of King Tutankhamun needs an epic backstory, and previous year X-ray analysis showed that the iron in the ancient blade had come from meteorites.

Meteoroids that break off a celestial body can be composed of core materials, meaning they're packed with iron, nickel, and cobalt. "When large celestial bodies like our planet are forming, almost all nickel drifts towards the molten iron core", write the study's authors, indicating that mining techniques common during the Bronze Age would not have gone down far enough to extract significant quantities of nickel or iron.

The Bronze Age and Metal Ages in particular are of fundamental importance to the humanity and life that we live in today, as many things wouldn't be possible in the world as we know it if our ancestors hadn't move on from the Stone Age. Iron compounds from terrestrial ores, on the other hand, need to undergo processes that would remove the oxygen to produce the desired metal. Some objects that they studied included "beads from Gerzeh" which originated from Egypt around 3200 BCE, a dagger from Alaca Hoyuk, which originated from Turkey around 2500 years BCE, and a pendant from Umm el-Marra, which originated from about 2300 years BCE from Syria. The metal state of meteoric iron may also explain why it was used in the Bronze Age.

In the past, some experts have suggested that nickel-laden iron alloys may have come from terrestrial ores.

Like this



06 December 2017
How Analysts Rated Johnson Controls International plc (NYSE:JCI) Last Week?
Following the acquisition, the chief executive officer now directly owns 634,732 shares in the company, valued at $23,358,137.60. The institutional investor owned 112,209 shares of the auto parts company's stock after selling 10,227 shares during the period.

06 December 2017
Accuser: Franken said it was his 'right' to kiss me
Lindsay Menz, 33, of Frisco, Texas, told CNN last month she was groped by Franken in 2010 at the Minnesota State Fair. Gwyneth Paltrow says Weinstein lied about sleeping with her to pressure other actresses to have sex with him.

06 December 2017
Here's where you can buy Kate Middleton's fab houndstooth coat
A glittering diamond necklace that is believed to be from the Queen's personal jewelry collection was draped around her neck. The pregnant mother-of-two arrived wrapped up against the cold in a a £495 check coat by L.K.

06 December 2017
David Feeney first Labor MP referred to High Court over dual citizenship
Senator Gallagher emphasised in the Senate that she has legal advice that she is eligible. "I stand by that position", she said. Ms Gallagher asked for the referral because she was a British citizen on the nomination date for the 2016 election.

06 December 2017
Meet 'the most attractive girl in the world'
Glikeriya Pimenova told MailOnline at the time: 'I am certain in my mind all her photographs are absolutely innocent'. Some have criticized Anastasia's mother for putting her on social media at such a young age, Yahoo reported.

06 December 2017
Brookdale Senior Living, Inc. (BKD) Shares Bought by Trexquant Investment LP
According to the recommendations from 3 analysts stock has mean rating of 1 on the shares of Aveo Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ:AVEO). Brookdale Senior Living, Inc . has a 12-month low of $10.65 and a 12-month high of $18.62. (NYSE: BKD ) for 263,329 shares.

06 December 2017
Hornets Coach Steve Clifford Steps Away from Team to Address Health
The Hornets play a home game Wednesday against the National Basketball Association champion Golden State Warriors. There is no timetable for Clifford's return and longtime assistant Stephen Silas will be the interim head coach.

06 December 2017
Confidence in Globus Medical Inc (NYSE:GMED) Shares by Wells Fargo Rise
In that case, its shares would mark a 5.6% decline from the most recent price. 324,647 are owned by Segall Bryant Hamill Ltd. Analysts, on average, seem bearish as they suggest M is worth $-2.62 less, giving a target price of $23.18 a share.

06 December 2017
UnitedHealth to acquire DaVita's primary care unit for $4.9 bn
Optum, part of UnitedHealth Group ( UNH ), said that it agreed to buy DaVita Medical Group, a subsidiary of DaVita Inc. The news about this deal made DaVita shares up by 9.3% to $66.61 in premarket trading on Wednesday.

06 December 2017
Rep. Al Green to Force Trump Impeachment Vote on Wednesday
However, Green is determined to put his fellow Democrats on the record regarding their views about impeachment. "It causes unparalleled destruction to our society in the long- and short-term that will not easily healed".