Science

Scientists win 2018 Nobel Physics Prize for 'revolutionised laser physics'

Scientists win 2018 Nobel Physics Prize for 'revolutionised laser physics'”

The Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences said Ashkin developed "optical tweezers" that can grab tiny particles such as viruses without damaging them.

She is the first Canadian woman to win the Nobel in physics and one of only three women in history, including Marie Curie in 1903 and Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963.

Strickland says her first thought on hearing she'd won the physics prize was "it's insane". "I'm honored to be one of those women", Strickland said in a news conference following the announcement in Stockholm.

Nobel Prize considered a pride to regard people who have made great advances and discoveries in different fields. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said past year it would seek to more actively encourage nominations of women researchers to begin addressing the imbalance.

These became the standard for high-intensity lasers, for example used in millions of corrective eye surgeries per year.

Strickland and Mourou helped develop short and intense laser pulses that have broad industrial and medical applications.

Ashkin, 96, is the oldest ever Nobel prize victor.

Physics is the second of this year's crop of prizes and comes after the medicine prize was awarded on Monday for discoveries about how to harness and manipulate the immune system to fight cancer.

The Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded 111 times to 207 Nobel Laureates between 1901 and 2017.

The winners of the chemistry prize will be announced on Wednesday, followed by the peace prize on Friday.



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