Health Care

Antibiotic resistance - bacteria are fighting back

Antibiotic resistance - bacteria are fighting back”

The launch of the week-long event was attended by the World Health Organisation (WHO) Country Representative, Dr Owen-Laws Kaluwa, and officials of other organisations such as the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the Pharmaceutical Society of Ghana (PSGH), Hope for Future Generation (HFFG) and the Veterinary Department of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture.

"Antibiotics are one of the great advancements in medicine in the world".

"These differences indicate that some countries are likely to consume too many antibiotics while others may not have sufficient access to these drugs", World Health Organization said in a statement in the report. These should be used cautiously due to the high chance of causing antimicrobial resistance and/or their side-effects. "Seek Advice" and "Misuse of Antibiotics puts us all at Risk".

"Human, animal and environment health are all equally responsible for the correct use of antimicrobials and to avert the threat of antimicrobial resistance", said Dr Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe. There was an nearly four-fold difference between the lowest- and highest-consuming country in this region. Unrestricted use of antibiotics has made them powerless against the very diseases they once fought.

Hill insisted that the findings "confirm the need to take urgent action, such as enforcing prescription-only policies, to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics".

WITH this World Antibiotic Awareness Week, experts have raised their concern over the persistent overuse and misuse of antibiotics as well as inappropriate prescriptions for them.

Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections like the common cold, flu, most sore throats, bronchitis, and many sinus and ear infections.

In Italy, 2.0 percent of daily antibiotics consumption was in the "reserve" category, four times the rate in Germany and more than six times that of Britain, where only 0.3 percent of drugs were those earmarked for use in the last resort. This may indicate that some countries may not have access to these drugs that are necessary for treatment of complicated multidrug-resistant infections.

By 2050, some five million people could die each year in Asia alone due to resistance to antibiotic medicines or antimicrobials, according to United Nations agencies.

Washing with soap and hot water for 20 seconds before eating or preparing food, when you first come home, and after using the toilet, will help protect you against bugs. It said there was a noticeable resistance among 500000 people with suspected bacterial infections across 22 low-income countries. The discovery suggests some countries are likely overprescribing whereas others may not have appropriate access to the medicines. In many countries, the lack of access to quality assured antibiotics drives people to buy antibiotics without a prescription on the informal market, which is not now captured by the surveillance system. The unregulated sales of antibiotic contribute to the overuse and misuse of these medicines, it added.



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