Science

Chinese Space Probe Successfully Lands on Dark Side of The Moon

Chinese Space Probe Successfully Lands on Dark Side of The Moon”

As a solution, China in May blasted the Queqiao ("Magpie Bridge") satellite into the moon's orbit, positioning it so that it can relay data and commands between the lander and Earth.

The successful landing formally inaugurated the world's first expedition to the far side and is expected to fulfil scientists' long-held aspiration to closely observe the enormous region.

The lunar explorer Chang'e 4 touched down on Thursday morning Beijing time (just before 2.30am GMT), official China Central Television said.

China has made history by becoming the first country to land a spacecraft on the far side of the moon.

As China's space agency CNSA explains in a new post on its website, the Chang'e 4 lander arrived on schedule on the Moon's surface and quickly deployed the Yutu rover.

The first time we had a look at the far side of the Moon was in 1959, when it was photographed by the Soviet Luna 3 space probe.

Chang'e-4 is an un-crewed vehicle that includes a lander and a rover.

The pioneering landing demonstrates China's growing ambitions as a space power. Chang'e-4 will examine this mysterious area of the Moon.

For now, it plans to send a Chang'e 5 probe to the moon next year and have it return to Earth with samples - also not done since the Soviet mission in 1976. He said, "The far side of the moon is a rare quiet place that is free from interference from radio signals from Earth".

The ship was launched in early December and has been orbiting around the space mass for weeks in preparation for the "dark side" landing. The lander has now descended into the 13 kilometre (8.1 mile)-deep South Pole-Aitken Basin in what was described as a soft landing, and will release a 140kg rover to investigate the surface when ready.

The far side of the moon taken by the Chang'e-4 lunar probe January 3, 2019.

"It's an important milestone for China's space exploration", Wu Weiren, chief designer of the lunar exploration program, noted. This represents a true "first", as no country has ever reached the far side of the Moon, where there is no means of direct communication with Earth.

China was excluded from the International Space Station largely due to concerns over its space program's connections to the military and USA legislation barring such cooperation.

Previous moon landings, including America's six manned missions from 1969 to 1972, have been on the near side of the moon, which faces Earth.

The far side's terrain is rugged with a multitude of impact craters.

Of course, there is a dark side of the moon.



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