Health Care

E-cigarettes found to be more effective than nicotine replacement treatments

E-cigarettes found to be more effective than nicotine replacement treatments”

They also felt less irritated or unable to focus a week into their quitting attempt. After one year, 18 percent of e-cigarette users were smoke-free, versus 9.9 percent of those using the other products.

The authors of the study are continuing to follow the trial participants, and it will be interesting to see how many in the vaping and NRT groups relapse to smoking, and how many who were still smoking at the one-year mark quit later. That compares with just 4 percent of kids who had not used any type of non-cigarette tobacco products.

"This landmark research shows that switching to an e-cigarette can be one of the most effective ways to quit smoking, especially when combined with face-to-face support".

The researchers analyzed data from three waves of the nationally representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study (2013-2016) in their effort to evaluate the association between prior e-cigarette use and use of other non-cigarette tobacco products with later cigarette initiation over a roughly 2-year period.

While nicotine plays a part, Stokes thinks the influence of vaping is "more complex than just nicotine".

"Something people often don't recognise is how vaping products have become much better substitutes for cigarettes over time".

Professor Hywel Williams, Director of the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme, said: "This groundbreaking NIHR-funded study provides clear evidence that e-cigarettes are nearly twice as effective as nicotine replacement therapy for helping smokers to quit". "It does not support the unlimited availability of e-cigarettes". People who smoke e-cigarettes have a 72 percent higher risk of stroke and a 51 percent higher risk heart attack and angina, according to one recent study. "However, particularly in the US, smokers are not, in general, using e-cigarettes under such conditions".

But "low-risk" teens are almost nine times more likely to try smoking after they've vaped, according to findings published online February 1 in JAMA Network Open. Also, doctors should have a clear timeline for stopping e-cigarette use.

"E-cigarettes are at least 95% less risky than cigarettes", she said, "and so even if someone is still using an e-cigarette, the benefits outweigh any cons".

Additionally, they estimated that more than 43,000 current youth cigarette users in the United States started smoking cigarettes after initially using e-cigarettes. And they're similarly on board with the latest findings.

A major new study provides the strongest evidence yet that vaping can help smokers quit cigarettes, with e-cigarettes proving almost twice as effective as nicotine gums and patches.

The new study is "another piece of evidence adding that we need urgently the FDA to take meaningful action to prevent e-cigarette use and tobacco use among our most vulnerable, our teenagers", Sadreameli said. Those devices have largely been overtaken in the U.S.by Juul and similar devices that have prefilled nicotine cartridges, or pods. These devices have up to three times more nicotine than the devices used in the clinical trial.

Electronic cigarettes, which have been available in the USA since about 2007 and have grown into a $6.6 billion-a-year industry, are battery-powered devices that typically heat a flavored nicotine solution into an inhalable vapor.

The researchers didn't test e-cigarettes against new drugs such as Pfizer's Chantix, which has shown higher rates of success than older nicotine-based treatments.

"There is substantial evidence that e-cigarettes have less risk than traditional combustible cigarettes, but they are not without risks", Borrelli said. The finding that e-cigarettes are nearly twice as effective as NRTs is similar to the results of a survey that health psychologist Robert West and his colleagues conducted several years ago. But it very well might be a price worth paying.

However, people who switched to vaping were far more likely to keep vaping, indicating they may have exchanged one nicotine delivery device for another, without ever beating their addiction.



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