Health Care

Poor diet causes one in seven deaths in Britain, Lancet finds

Poor diet causes one in seven deaths in Britain, Lancet finds”

Poor diet leads to hundreds of deaths in India annually, according to a Lancet study which found that globally one in five people die due to the lack of optimal amounts of food and nutrients on their plates.

People consume 86% more salt on average than the levels generally considered safe.

"This study affirms what many have thought for several years - that poor diet is responsible for more deaths than any other risk factor in the world", said study author Christopher Murray, who is director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington in the United States.

The report highlighted large variation in diet-related deaths among nations, with the highest-risk country, Uzbekistan, having 10 times the food-based mortality rate of the lowest risk, Israel. Cutting down on foods high in salt, sugar, saturated fat and calories will also lower the risk of becoming obese and help prevent high cholesterol and blood pressure and type 2 diabetes; all known risk factors for heart and circulatory disease.

That's different from obesity, say the researchers, as these are deaths not from overeating, but from nutritional imbalance in the diet - too much salt, or too few fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

More than 130 scientists compared dietary habits to rates of death and disease in 195 countries.

The global diet also included less than a quarter of the recommended amount of whole grains - at 29 g average intake a day compared with the recommended 125 g - and nearly double the recommended amount of processed meat - at around 4 g average intake per day compared with the 2 g recommended.

A study in January suggested an "ideal diet" for health and for the planet would include a doubling of consumption of nuts, fruits, vegetables and legumes, and a halving of meat and sugar intake.

In a breakdown of diet-related deaths, the study found that of the 11 million in 2017, nearly 10 million were from cardiovascular diseases, around 913,000 from cancer, and nearly 339,000 from type 2 diabetes.

In 2017, the countries with the lowest rates of diet-related deaths were Israel, France, Spain, Japan, and Andorra.

Its experts recommend limiting alcohol consumption, red and processed meat and making fruit and vegetables a major part of the daily diet.

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