Health Care

Is Poultry Really Healthier Than Red Meat?

Is Poultry Really Healthier Than Red Meat?”

The research study was conducted among the 113 people, who were randomly given a diet, which was either low or high in saturated fat.

Over 100 averagely healthy men and women aged 21 to 65 were put onto three separate diets - red meat, white meat, and no meat. Of the three diets in the study - red meat, white meat and nonmeat proteins - only the plant-based diet was associated with healthy blood cholesterol levels, the researchers found. And what they found was surprising, given the conventional wisdom surrounding white meat. The researchers found out that even white meat has an identical effect on cholesterol levels in the body.

The results revealed that the participants with the high saturated fat had a more low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels than the participants with the low-saturated fat. "So the result can be viewed as indicating either a cholesterol raising effect of both meats, or a cholesterol lowering effect of plant foods, or both", added Dr Krauss.

The examination was distributed online Tuesday (June 4) in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

The effects of cholesterol on heart health aren't completely cut-and-dry, though, nor are the foods that can affect cholesterol levels. It has been widely believed that large particles do not contribute as much as small particles to atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) risk, but recent research suggests that both small and large bad cholesterol particles are associated with atherosclerosis.

It turns out that the red meat or white meat debate is a draw.

The study does have some caveats.

"When we planned this study, we expected red meat to have a more adverse effect on blood cholesterol levels than white meat, but we were surprised that this was not the case - their effects on cholesterol are identical when saturated fat levels are equivalent", multiple reports quoted the study's senior author Dr. Ronald Krauss, senior scientist and director of Atherosclerosis Research at CHORI, as saying.

The new research had several limitations; the meats in the study did not include grass-fed beef or processed products, including bacon or sausage. Either of these factors could have made the comparison more favourable for white meat. However, there may be various other effects of eating white meat that can cause the problem of cardiovascular diseases among people.

Bottom line, experts say a plant-based diet is best for those anxious about their cholesterol.

"So our study specifically tested whether consuming equal amounts of red meat and white meat had different effects on blood cholesterol." . "And since individuals may differ in their responses, a cholesterol test is the best way to see how the diet is working".

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