Health Care

More than 1 million STDs contracted every day, World Health Organization says

More than 1 million STDs contracted every day, World Health Organization says”

This adds up to about 376 million new cases every year in total from the four STIs, also commonly referred to as STDs: chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and syphilis.

The WHO highlights a lack of development in stopping the unfold of STIs, and says its figures are a "be-careful call".

"There is lack of progress in stopping the spread of STIs worldwide", Dr Peter Salama, the executive director for Universal Health Coverage and the Life-Course at WHO said. They also disrupt homes, causing domestic violence and social ostracism. If left untreated, they can result in reproductive health problems, including pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility in women.

"In its later stages, syphilis can cause serious cardiovascular and neurological disease". Some can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth - notably chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis.

In contrast with its last prognosis in 2012, the World Health Organization reports "no substantive decline" within the rates of contemporary or contemporary infections.

On average one in 25 people around the world have an STI or multiple infections at the same time.

Given the hidden nature of the epidemic, World Health Organization said it was important for people who are sexually active to get screened for STIs, and especially recommended that pregnant women be systematically screened for syphilis, as well as HIV.

Here's the thing: they're also preventable through safe sex practices, correct and consistent condom use, and adequate health education - all crucial in preventing the spread of STIs, especially as recent shortages in the global supply of benzathine penicillin has made it hard to treat syphilis and microbial resistance to gonorrhea could someday make the disease untreatable.

Chico, who co-authored the WHO report, said in a statement that "alongside promoting sexual health education and effective condom use, efforts to improve STI surveillance, and develop new treatments and diagnostics, must be a top public health priority". Pregnant women, especially, should receive automatic screening for syphilis as well as HIV, the researchers advised.

By the use of treatment, bacterial STIs could well well moreover be handled and cured with extensively readily accessible medicines.

But syphilis therapy has been made extra hard thanks to a shortage in the categorical extra or less penicillin wished, and there used to be an lengthen in cases of so-called "giant-gonorrhoea" which is type of most no longer going to take care of.

Dr. Tim Jinks, head of the Drug Resistant Infection program at United Kingdom medical research charity Wellcome, said in a statement that the high number of gonorrhea cases were of "particular concern", citing last year's cases of "super-gonorrhea", found in the United Kingdom and Australia "which are practically impossible to treat". "They are far more common than we think".

For prevalence estimates on chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis, Taylor and colleagues searched for studies from 2009 to 2016, and found 130 eligible studies.

While someone with a STI may display no obvious sign of it, common symptoms include vaginal discharge, urethral discharge or a burning sensation when urinating in men, genital ulcers and abdominal pain.



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