Science

Ahead of 2nd moon shot, a timeline of India's space program

Ahead of 2nd moon shot, a timeline of India's space program”

India's heaviest rocket to date, the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle - Mark III (GSLV Mk III) will launch the 3.8-tonne and 6.8 crores Chandrayaan-2 towards the moon. ISRO calls it the most complex mission ever to be undertaken by the Indian space agency.

Fifty years after Armstrong and Aldrin first landed on the moon, a historic new moon landing mission is readying for launch. Named after a famous Indian astronomer, it is designed and built in India and launched by a Soviet rocket.

The first sounding rocket, used for probing upper atmospheric regions and space research, is launched from Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station in Kerala, marking the beginning of the Indian space program.

The last 15 minutes of the Chandrayaan 2 before landing will be the most crucial for ISRO as stated by the Chairman, K. Sivan to the media.

One of the most complex missions attempted to date, Chandrayaan 2 weighs 3.8-tonne and consists of an orbiter with eight scientific experiments, a lander with three experiments, a rover with two experiments and an experiment from the USA space agency NASA.

During the FDR, the links between the lander Vikram and the orbiter will be tested.

India's space agency is preparing to launch its ambitious Chandrayaan-2 mission next week which is set to land near the now unexplored south pole of the moon.

When will Chandrayaan-2 reach the moon?

The thrusters will reduce the velocity of the rocket for the Lunar Capture as the spacecraft enters the periphery of the influence of the moon. A soft landing is the process of slow landing a spacecraft to ensure no damage occurs during the process.

The Pragyan rover, powered by the sun and AI, will cross the lunar surface at the blistering pace of 1 centimeter per second carrying instruments that can assess the molecules present on the moon.

At the time of touch down, the lander will leave the orbiter, also perform a sequence of complicated movements including a fine braking and rough braking.

The satellite is believed to have crashed into the moon's surface.

The Moon's South Pole-Aitken basin hides a mass that is estimated to be 4.8 quintillion pounds, researchers say.

India shines its glory again on the moon. Scientists suggest that something had caused a giant crater in the moon long ago.

With India poised to become the world's fifth-largest economy, the ardently nationalist government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi is keen to show off the country's prowess in security and technology.

Initially, the GSLV-MK3 will launch the orbiter-which carries the other two components-into orbit around the Earth.



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