Health Care

Climate Change, the Main Trigger for Candida Auris Expansion

Climate Change, the Main Trigger for Candida Auris Expansion”

Three years ago, US health officials warned hundreds of thousands of clinicians in hospitals around the country to be on the lookout for a new, quickly spreading and highly drug-resistant type of yeast that was causing potentially fatal infections in hospitalized patients around the world. Since it was first identified in Japan a decade ago, it has been popping up in several far-flung parts of the globe, emerging in five continents and 30 countries.

It has since been spotted in the US, Canada, Venezuela, Colombia, South Africa and India, as well as Spain, Norway, and Germany.

And reports earlier in the year revealed that at least 260 people across the United Kingdom have caught the infection since 2012.

However, C. auris did not spread like a virus would, scattering out from one location. "Something happened to allow this organism to bubble up and cause disease", stated Dr Casadevall.

'We began to look into the possibility that it could be climate change, ' he added on the back of the study.

Earlier studies have shown that of the millions of species of fungi, only a few hundred cause human disease.

Most strains of the organisms thrive at temperatures around 18 to 22°C (64-71°F).

"It will be vitally important to study other fungal species to determine if they, too, demonstrate tolerance for higher temperatures", Adalja said.

The temperature of the atmosphere has significantly raised.

"What this research suggests is that is the start of fungi adapting to increased temperatures, and we're going to have an increasing number of issues because the century goes on", Arturo Casadevall, MD, Ph.D., and Molecular Microbiology and Immunology chair at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health said.

"When it comes to the origins of Candida auris, it's a complete mystery about where it came from still", said Dr. Brendan Jackson, leader of the epidemiology team of the CDC's fungal diseases branch, who was not involved with the research.

But as the climate has gotten warmer, the researchers say, C. auris was able to adapt, which helped it replicate in the human body's temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit.

Even after a C. auris infection is treated, patients might continue to carry it on places like their skin without it causing illness. Most of the cases have been detected in the New York City area, New Jersey and Chicago area.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed 587 cases of the fungus, Candida auris, in March.

The reports reveal about 30-60 percent of patients have died only due to this fungal infection.

That's why human fungal infections have thus far been limited to such irritants as athlete's foot, while plant life and cold-blooded creatures are susceptible to fungi that can harm and kill, Casadevall said.

"We are pretty good at surveilling influenza and diseases that cause diarrhea or are contagious, but fungal diseases are not usually contagious and therefore nobody has really bothered to document them well", he said.

Like this



27 July 2019
Trump refuses to shield Apple's Mac Pros from China tariffs
In addition, Ivanka Trump's clothing products were exempt from the Trump administration's earlier tariffs on Chinese products. Apple recently shifted production of the Mac Pro to China from Texas, according to The Wall Street Journal and Bloomberg.

27 July 2019
US Justice Department Approves $26 Billion Sprint, T-Mobile Merger
Five state attorneys general, representing Nebraska, Kansas, Ohio, Oklahoma, and South Dakota, also signed off on the settlement. Some industry watchers say T-Mobile's $26.5 billion takeover of Sprint is a bad deal for consumers.

27 July 2019
MacBook Pro 2020 to ditch the butterfly keyboard because of bad reviews?
Despite iterating on it year after year, Apple has repeatedly failed to ensure its butterfly keyboards are reliable long term. Aside from the new keyboard mechanism, the 16-inch MacBook Pro 2019 is also expected to sport new design and features.

27 July 2019
Quentin Tarantino: Have been talking about 'Kill Bill 3' with Uma Thurman
One of his producers suggested to split the film up into two to tell a longer story and flesh out characters. As it turns out, Tarantino recently discussed making another Kill Bill movie with Thurman.

26 July 2019
Steve Kerr says Anthony Davis trade request is ‘bad for league’
However, Kerr is right - this can't become a regular occurrence in the National Basketball Association moving forward. They're disheartening to the community and don't serve the player well.

26 July 2019
Anne Hathaway expecting second child with husband
The actress must have gone through a rough process trying for their second child, but now the wait is over. I make more time for the things that matter to me because suddenly I have more time".

26 July 2019
Mosquitoes with West Nile Virus detected in NYC
The second step is to prevent mosquito bites. "That's when the mosquitoes that could carry West Nile are most active". Visit the AZDHS website for more information on the history of West Nile in Arizona and prevention techniques.

26 July 2019
Team India to sport Byju's on jersey from September
Starting September 5th, 2019, Byju, owned by Think and Learn Private Limited will be the official sponsor of Indian cricket team . Gone are the days when it was only MNCs had the ability to sponsor the "always under spotlight" Indian cricket matches.

26 July 2019
Biden wants to reform US prison system, decriminalize marijuana
Additionally, the creation of a task force outside of the DOJ would examine discrimination throughout the justice system. Should he be elected in 2020, the former vice president plans to work toward closing that gap by demanding that the U.S.

26 July 2019
Rohit Sharma unfollows Virat Kohli, Anushka Sharma on Instagram; rift rumour spreads
Post the loss, rumours were rife that there is trouble between the Indian squad captain Virat Kohli and team member Rohit Sharma . It would be interesting to see what happens next, although we would want the two to sort their differences.