Science

Google honors astronomer Guillermo Haro with new Doodle

Google honors astronomer Guillermo Haro with new Doodle”

This discovery was dubbed Herbig-Haro objects, sharing credit with George Herbig, who made his discovery independently.

Haro grew up during the Mexican Revolution and while he was a recognised astronomer, he didn't always want to be one, he studied philosophy at the National Autonomous University of Mexico and meant to go into Law, but later his path changed.

Google is celebrating what would have been the 105th birthday of astronomer Guillermo Haro with a new Doodle.

From his perch at the Tonantzintla Observatory in Puebla, Mexico, he observed jets of gases ejected at hundreds of miles per second from newborn stars forming clouds in space.

The next time you find yourself gazing at the stars, locate Orion's Belt and you may spot what catapulted Guillermo Haro to astronomy fame.

While he continued searching for stars until the end of his life, Haro didn't always want to be an astronomer. He was hired as an assistant to Luis Enrique Erro at the Observatorio Astrofiscio de Tonantzintla, and this is where his astronomy career was born. He worked at the Harvard College Observatory from 1943 to 1944 and then returned to Mexico a year later. These flares are so-called between of their unpredictable surge in brightness across the whole electromagnetic spectrum which occurs within a matter of few minutes. Moving further, Haro was also responsible for the discovery of flare stars which is a red and blue cluster of stars found in the Orion constellation.

Researchers now believe that the most of the flare stars in the cosmos are dim red dwarfs with the exception of some high-intensity solar flares. Earth's two closest neighbor, Barnard's Star and Proxima Centauri are two flare stars. He identified the Haro-Chavira Comet as well. Poniatowska said in 2013 that she was drawn to his intellect.

"For me, it was very important that a man of this caliber and this intelligence would notice me", she said. Poniatowska also wrote an award-winning biography of Haro.

His contributions in astronomy led to Haro becoming the first Mexican to be elected to the Royal Astronomical Society in 1959. In 1986, he won the award for Lomonosov Medal from the USSR Academy of Sciences.

He met his wife, eminent Mexican journalist Elena Poniatowska, while working at the Tonantzintla observatory in 1945. The National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics, and Electronics, has an observatory named after him in Sonora, Mexico. He died on 26th April 1988.



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