Health Care

High consumption of soft drinks linked to increased risk of death

High consumption of soft drinks linked to increased risk of death”

The researchers found that those who reported drinking two or more glasses a day of soft drinks, carbonated and isotonic drinks, and diluted syrups had a 17% increased risk of all-cause mortality compared with those who drank less than one glass a month. This doesn't mean than soft drinks cause early death as in these types of studies (observational epidemiology) there are other factors which may be behind the association we observed.

Along with a higher risk of dying from all causes for many who drank more than two sodas a day, more sodas were also linked to some particular causes of death.

There was no association between soft drink consumption and overall cancer death.

The study was published September 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

For the study, the team followed over 400,000 European adults aged around 51 years for 16 years.

During the analysis, the research team looked into the diet plan of each of the participants, including their soft drink consumption.

"For artificially sweetened soft drinks, we now need a better understanding of the mechanisms that may underlie this association and research such as ours will hopefully stimulate these efforts", he continued.

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The scientists, from the WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer in Lyon, said it would be "prudent" to cut out all soft drinks and have water instead.

The massive European researchers discovered that individuals who have greater than two sodas a day - with or without sugar - had a higher risk of dying over about 16 years than individuals who sipped the fizzy drinks lower than once a month.

They wrote: "The positive association between soft drink consumption and mortality was evident for both men and women". Participants imn the NutriNet-Santé study were asked to complete six 24-hour dietary questionnaires to measure their usual intake of 3,300 different food items, ranked according to how processed they were.

"High soft drink consumers had higher BMI and were also more likely to be current tobacco smokers", Murphy said. "However, we can not rule out the possibility that these factors were influencing our findings, hence we can not say the associations we observe are causal", the researcher added.

Studies like Murphy's can indeed be biased by other lifestyle factors, said Doctor Bruce Lee, an associate professor at Johns Hopkins University.

Registered dietitian Samantha Heller, from NYU Langone Health in New York City, said many factors may contribute to the link between soda consumption and risk of death.



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