Science

Pioneering NASA Mathematician Katherine Johnson Dies at 101

Pioneering NASA Mathematician Katherine Johnson Dies at 101”

These women, like Johnson's colleagues Mary Jackson and Dorothy Vaughn, not only challenged the racist and sexist zeitgeist of the time, but very simply helped America achieve what is perhaps its most historically remarkable achievement - the Apollo program - but also to aid in the invention and definition of multiple industries.

Johnson was one of the so-called "computers" who calculated rocket trajectories and earth orbits by hand during NASA's early years. So trusted were her calculations that astronaut John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, considered them an integral part of his preflight checklist-even after the equations had been transferred over to modern electronic machines.

Such was her skill and reputation that Glenn had asked for her specifically and had refused to fly unless she verified the calculations.

Johnson died Monday of natural causes at a retirement community in Newport News, Virginia, family attorney Donyale Y.H. Reavis told The Associated Press. But her work at NASA's Langley Research Center eventually shifted to Project Mercury, the nation's first human space program. She was bestowed with numerous honors and awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama. By the age of 13, she was already attending high school in West Virginia State College.

"I counted everything. I counted the steps to the road, the steps up to church, the number of dishes and silverware I washed...anything that could be counted, I did", she once said. At 18, she enrolled herself in the college itself, where then she found a mentor with the school's math professor W. W. Schieffelin Claytor, which was the third African American in history to earn a PhD in mathematics. She initially became a teacher but, in 1953, took a job at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics - the agency that would become NASA.

Ms. Johnson made the transition to the computer era and worked on the shuttle program while writing or co-writing 26 research reports before retiring in 1986, NASA said. She always said she was too busy with her work to be concerned about being treated unequally.

"My dad taught us 'you are as good as anybody in this town, but you're no better,"' Johnson told NASA in 2008. "I don't have a feeling of inferiority".

Читайте также: How major U.S. stock indexes fared Friday

What has the reaction been?

Johnson and her co-workers had been relatively unsung heroes of America's Space Race.

Margot Lee Shetterly, who wrote Hidden Figures, said it was her "life's honor" to tell Ms Johnson's story.

NASA shared news of Johnson's death on Monday, tweeting, "We're saddened by the passing of celebrated #HiddenFigures mathematician Katherine Johnson". You changed the narrative. In 1959, she married US Army officer James Johnson, and their family grew to include six grandchildren and 11 great-grandchildren.

Former US presidential candidate Hillary Clinton also paid tribute to Ms Johnson on Twitter.

Katherine Johnson, whose achievements were depicted in the award-winning film Hidden Figures, and the mathematician who was critical to the first moon landing has passed away, according to NASA.

При любом использовании материалов сайта и дочерних проектов, гиперссылка на обязательна.
«» 2007 - 2021 Copyright.
Автоматизированное извлечение информации сайта запрещено.

Код для вставки в блог



Like this

loading...
loading...

Latest


16 Мая 2020
Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light takes place
Eurovision: Europe Shine A Light will take place on Saturday 16 May on BBC One and BBC iPlayer from 7pm. It will not be a competition, but instead be a celebration of the 41 Eurovision entries this year.

16 Мая 2020
Coronavirus: Two Rohingya refugees test positive in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar
The man is believed to have been infected in a hospital in a nearby town where he took a brother for treatment, Mr Rahim said. Bangladesh restricted traffic in and out of the camps and forced aid organisations to slash manpower by 80 percent.

16 Мая 2020
Aaron Rodgers admits he was not 'thrilled' with Jordan Love pick
Rodgers said that, as someone who wants to play into his 40s, he understands that reality and the Love selection reinforced that. The drafting of Love was the first time Green Bay had selected and offensive skill position player since taking Rodgers in 2005.

16 Мая 2020
Italy Lifts Travel Restrictions, People Will Now Be Able To Visit Friends
The British Government has been urging Britons not to make plans as lockdown restrictions and travel warnings remain in place. Italians will also be able to move between regions, though local authorities can limit travel if infections spike.

16 Мая 2020
Rwanda′s most-wanted genocide suspect arrested after 25 years
The 1994 Rwanda genocide was deadly with reports indicating that Kabuga funded the militias that massacred over 800,000 Tutsis and Hutus.

16 Мая 2020
MACC insists former AG Tommy Thomas gave okay for Riza Aziz’s settlement
The money was allegedly misappropriated from 1MDB funds between April 12 and May 12 at City National Bank. This was also ackowledged by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) in a statement yesterday.

16 Мая 2020
India's Tally Nears 86,000 Mark, Recovery Rates Improves to 35%
For The News Minute's live tracker map, click the "Coronavirus Live" icon found on the top right corner of every page . The south eastern state had accounted for 20 of the 31 new cases reported across the country yesterday.

16 Мая 2020
Unnerving Video Shows Just How Easily an Infection Can Spread Through Contact
Marianna University School of Medicine, involved 10 people in a makeshift restaurant, set up with a buffet table. A fluorescent substance, which is only visible under black light, represents the germs of the virus .

16 Мая 2020
Coronavirus: Twitter employees can work from home 'forever'
Twitter said the past two months have proven that it's possible for remote workers to thrive and produce quality work. The company said that opening offices will be their decision, when and if our employees come back, will be theirs.

16 Мая 2020
India overtakes China in coronavirus cases, 11th most affected
According to the Union Health Ministry , 30 municipal areas account for 79 per cent of India's coronavirus cases. Goa reported 14 COVID-19 cases while Meghalaya and Puducherry registered 13 cases each.