NASA unveils ‘Artemis Accords’ for responsible space exploration

NASA unveils ‘Artemis Accords’ for responsible space exploration”

The first tenet of the Artemis Accords states that "international cooperation on Artemis is intended not only to bolster space exploration but to enhance peaceful relationships between nations".

However, there is a question over who determines the sizes of the safety zones, said Ram Jakhu, associate professor at McGill University's Institute of Air and Space Law in Canada. So there are these "space laws" that are shared as being priorities.

Te statement from NASA shows the rules and the reason behind each rule.

Artemis Accords partner nations will be required to uphold transparency by publicly describing their own policies and plans in a transparent manner.

These principles include transparency, peaceful exploration, sharing of scientific data, preserving historical heritage, open and practical worldwide standards and providing aid to other countries and astronauts in distress among others.

Gold said that NASA, working with the US Space Department, hopes to negotiate and reach a final agreement with one or more worldwide partners by the end of this year.

Orbital debris and spacecraft disposal.

As you possibly can think about, every of those opens a new can of worms - what constitutes clear? What operations have to be disclosed, and below what timeline?

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Anything arguable will be argued over for a long time, but setting some baseline expectations like "don't be secretive", or "don't steal the Apollo 13 lander" is a great place to start the conversation.

"This is based on our values and our own behaviors, but it's also grounded in the Outer Space Treaty", Morhard said.

In addition, NASA is known for being exceptionally open with its data and sharing its findings with the wider scientific community, and the accords specify that other partners should follow NASA's example and make their scientific data available quickly and in an open format.

Register objects sent into space, per the Registration Convention.

Perform space useful resource extraction and utilization in line with the Outer Space Treaty Articles II, VI, and XI.

Inform accomplice nations concerning "safety zones" and coordinate in line with Outer Space Treaty Article IX.

NASA has laid out the principles through which it will operate its Artemis program to return astronauts to the moon in a document called the Artemis Accords, and has asked its partners - including both global space agencies and private companies - to agree to them.

Mitigate debris per guidelines set by U.N Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.

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