Health Care

COVID-19 vaccine could be available by year-end: World Health Organization chief scientist

COVID-19 vaccine could be available by year-end: World Health Organization chief scientist”

As of Monday, the country had tallied 1.35 million cases of COVID-19 and almost 58,000 deaths, according to case tracker Worldometers.

The Ad5-nCoV is one of the eight vaccine candidates being developed by Chinese companies and researchers approved to be moved into human trials for the respiratory disease caused by the new coronavirus.

China's Central Military Commission approved the use of the vaccine by the military on June 25 for a period of one year, CanSino said in a filing.

More than half of 17 candidate vaccines identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) that are in clinical evaluation involve Chinese companies or institutes. The vaccine candidate was developed jointly by CanSino and a research institute at the Academy of Military Science (AMS). Trials started on 17 March.

Chinese researchers and firms have been allowed to test eight vaccine candidates in humans at home and overseas.

The vaccine uses an adenovirus, which normally causes the common cold, as a vector. In their place, a piece of DNA that codes for the coronavirus spike protein is inserted.

More news: Japanese firm invents "smart face mask" that connects to mobile phones

But CanSino said that it can not guarantee that the vaccine, which has undergone both phase one and two clinical trials in China, will ultimately be commercialised. Swaminathan said. "They have advanced into phase 2 trials and are planning phase 3 in many countries".

China first announced it had been permitted to test its potential Covid-19 vaccine on humans last week.

Brazil, the nation with the second-highest number of coronavirus cases and deaths, reached a deal with the United Kingdom to produce the Covid-19 vaccine that's been developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca plc.

The University of Oxford and AstraZeneca's experimental vaccine is the first to enter the final stages of clinical trials.

None have yet been approved for commercial use against the coronavirus.



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