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European Union proposes migration policy reforms for more equal distribution

European Union proposes migration policy reforms for more equal distribution”

"Migration is complex, the old system to deal with it in Europe no longer works", said von der Leyen.

According to Vatican News, Maria Nyman, secretary-general of Caritas Europa, called for "a fair, predictable and sustainable responsibility-sharing mechanism among European Union member states", noting that "without an equitable system to distribute asylum-seekers throughout Europe, which takes into account the family and personal ties of the people being relocated, the new pact is doomed to fail".

"Together we have to show that Europe manages migration in a humane and effective way", she said, adding that the new package offers "the right balance between solidarity and responsibility".

Need for the long-awaited migration pact was dramatically highlighted when over 12,000 men, women and children housed in the Moria camp on the Greek island of Lesbos were left stranded, and even more vulnerable, when the facility burnt to the ground on 9 September.

"We want to live up to our values". The Commission said all elements should be in place from 2023.

A country would receive $11,750 from the bloc's budget per adult taken in.

The plan was criticised by global Catholic charity Caritas, which said it could harm human rights, dilute legal safeguards and lead to more detentions. But it could take a long time before all member states agree.

"It's a compromise between xenophobia and cowardice", tweeted professor of environmental geopolitics Francois Gemenne.

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Also included in the pact is an integrated border procedure that would involve pre-entry screening for those crossing the EU's external borders.

Meant to be in place from 2023, the plan also aims to open more legal routes for migrants, and work better with countries hosting people before they reach Europe.

People saved at sea would be relocated in the bloc - rather than sent back - with charities not criminalised for rescues.

The 450-page proposals https://ec.europa.eu/info/publications/migration-and-asylum-package_en spanning five different pan-EU laws put emphasis on sending back those who fail to win asylum.

Meanwhile, Oxfam and social justice organisation We Move Europe have called on the EU Commission to trigger an infringement procedure against Greece for systematic breaches of EU law in its treatment of people seeking asylum in Europe.

If, however, a country were under major pressure, it could seek to activate a crisis mechanism under which European Union peers would be obliged to take people in or send them back. "That is a no go for us".

The Dublin Regulation states that asylum claims must be processed by the migrant's country of arrival, a rule that has led to bitter squabbles between the southern coastal member states where seaborne migrants arrive, and wealthier northern countries where most prefer to head.

Despite having German Chancellor Angela Merkel as the driving force behind it, the plan faces an uphill battle. Protesters took to the streets in many German cities chanting, "We have space!"



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