Science

40% Of World's Plant Species Are At Risk Of Extinction, Say Scientists

40% Of World's Plant Species Are At Risk Of Extinction, Say Scientists”

"We are delighted to be partnering with Kew to publish the scientific papers behind the State of the World's Plants and Fungi 2020 report", said Prof.

The report takes a deep dive into the state of the world's plant and fungal kingdoms and brought together 210 scientists from 42 countries, including UCC plant scientist Dr Eoin Lettice. The new approach used by scientists this year predicted the overall proportion of threatened species to be 39.4%, nearly double the 21% of global plant species estimated to be threatened with extinction in 2016.

The at-risk species included 723 medicinal-use plants, amid rising global demand for naturally sourced medicines.

Researchers believe that relying on a tiny fraction of plants and fungi for our food and energy, has not only left us vulnerable to climate change, but has also contributed to malnutrition.

"Just 15 plants provide 90% of humanity's food energy intake".

A report suggests that biodiversity loss is greater than previous estimates and that a significant number of the world's plants are at risk of extinction.

'Societies have been too dependent on too few species for too long.

More news: Apple, Epic Games want to fight antitrust case without jury

Plants and fungi are the building blocks of life on planet Earth. "We are eroding the very foundations of our economies, livelihoods, food security, health and quality-of-life worldwide", Professor Robert Watson, an atmospheric chemist at the University of East Anglia, told Forbes in 2019, commenting on an inter-governmental report by the United Nations, on the potential extinction of plant species.

Kew scientists and collaborators researched which overlooked and underutilised plants could hold the key to future-proofing our food production systems.

They are calling for risk assessments to be fast tracked, using technology such as artificial intelligence, and for more funding for plant conservation.

The report revealed that only a small proportion of existing plant species are used as foods and biofuels.

The report also describes a slew of species that have been identified recently, including two new relatives of cassava from Brazil, which experts say could future-proof the food crop by making it pest- or disease-resistant. "We have particularly earmarked the gaps in our knowledge, the changes we are seeing, the species being named new to science and the shocking pace of biodiversity loss".

"International collaboration can help us to identify the plants and fungi that will make clean, sustainable energy accessible to everyone", said contributor Mary Suzan Abbo, managing director of the Centre for Research in Energy and Energy Conservation at Makerere University, Uganda, who said the approach could be used to cut down on unsustainable use of wood and charcoal. At the Natural History Museum we want to unlock this treasure trove so that everyone, including citizen scientists, researchers and data analysts, can access it'.



Like this

loading...
loading...

Latest


03 October 2020
Hoffman in four-way tie for Sanderson Farms lead
It included a brilliant 24-foot birdie putt on Par-3 seventh and chip-in birdie from the fringe 31 feet away on par-4 12th. I showed up on Tuesday and hit some balls and hit some balls yesterday, and was just trying to take it easy.

03 October 2020
Google Maps' 'Live View' AR feature gets landmarks and improved accuracy
Soon, you'll also be able to see nearby landmarks so you can quickly and easily orient yourself and understand your surroundings. Live View will show you how far away certain landmarks are from you and what direction you need to go to get there.

03 October 2020
Norwich City reject Everton bid for defender Ben Godfrey
The combination of Everton's ambition, a team on the up and the opportunity to play for Ancelotti has proved enough for Godfrey. The deal for the 22-year-old would have been worth about £26m with add-ons and talks are continuing between the clubs.

03 October 2020
Donald, Melania Trump in quarantine after testing positive for coronavirus
Every time you see him he has a mask. "They plan to remain home at the White House during their convalescence", he said. However, "I expect the president to continue carrying out his duties without disruption while recovering".

02 October 2020
Oil price extends losses after Trump tests positive for coronavirus
US job growth slowed more than expected in September as the recovery from the COVID-19 slump shifts into lower gear. Analysts in a Reuters poll forecast U.S. crude stockpiles increased 1.4 million barrels last week.

02 October 2020
Venezuela receives shipment of Russian Sputnik-V coronavirus vaccine By Reuters
The Venezuelan health ministry said that about 2,000 of its nationals will take part in trials of the Russia-developed drug. Late stage trials began last month, with the first volunteer of a 40,000-strong cohort vaccinated on September 9.

02 October 2020
McGregor and Poirier agree charity MMA fight
Gaethje turned down the chance to fight McGregor and will instead face off against Khabib at UFC 254 in Abu Dhabi on October 24. While it's hard to say if this charity event will actually happen, McGregor is treating it like a certainty.

02 October 2020
Joe Biden Releases Latest Tax Returns Ahead Of Debate With Trump
This year's first debate's moderator, Fox News' Chris Wallace , seemed to let Trump get away with it even more. Biden framed the nomination as an attack on the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare.

02 October 2020
BitMEX Owners Indicted for Accepting US Clients and AML Violations
This news sent shockwaves throughout the cryptocurrency market, with Bitcoin's price reeling from $10,900 to lows of $10,400. He said that market integrity plays an important role in helping "new and innovative financial products" flourish.

02 October 2020
USA unemployment claims increase slightly to 870,000
Almost 900,000 more USA workers have filed for new unemployment benefits, the Labor Department said in its weekly report Thursday. The steady decline in that figure over the past several months reflects that some of the unemployed are being rehired.