Health Care

Dutch woman becomes first person to die after being reinfected with coronavirus

Dutch woman becomes first person to die after being reinfected with coronavirus”

According to the scientists, including those from the University of Nevada in the United States, the patient, a 25-year old male, was infected with two distinct SARS-CoV-2 variants within a 48-day time frame, while testing negative in between infections.

She was diagnosed with the virus earlier this year but quickly recovered, according to the study.

Researchers reported that the patient's second infection was more severe, resulting in hospitalization with oxygen support.

"It is important to note this is a singular finding and does not provide generalizability of this phenomenon".

The new case marks the fifth confirmation of COVID-19 reinfection globally.

"While more research is needed, the possibility of reinfections could have significant implications for our understanding of COVID-19 immunity, especially in the absence of an effective vaccine", Pandori said. He felt better after isolation and tested negative for the virus in May on two separate occasions. Her immune system was compromised due to the cell-depleting therapy she received, the researchers at Maastricht University Medical Center in the Netherlands wrote in a paper accepted for publication in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases. One serious, confirmed reinfection out of more than 7.8 million COVID-19 cases in the U.S.is exceedingly rare.

The study reported that the patient may have also come in contact with a "more virulent version of the virus". Another hypothesis is that the presence of antibodies made the subsequent infection worse.

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Given the seasonal pattern of epidemic-prone diseases observed every year in our country like Dengue, Malaria, Seasonal Influenza, Leptospirosis, Chikungunya, and Enteric fever, among others, which could potentially cause diagnostic trouble as India continues the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has issued guidelines on how these diseases can be identified and treated while following other coronavirus-related protocols.

According to the study, another explanation could be a simultaneous co-infection of both strains of the virus.

"These findings reinforce the point that we still do not know enough about the immune response to this infection", said Paul Hunter, a professor in medicine at Britain's University of East Anglia.

They also noted that her symptoms appeared to have "subsided entirely" when she was discharged from hospital after first being infected with coronavirus.

Researchers tested her during both episodes and confirmed that the genetic makeup of the virus was different, making it likely that the woman was indeed suffering from reinfection.

There have only been 23 cases of reinfection worldwide so far according to the researchers, and in all previous cases the patients have made a full recovery.



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