Japan, others agree principles for exploring space

Japan, others agree principles for exploring space”

The principles of the Artemis Accords cover a number of aspects, including registration of space objects, release of scientific data, preserving heritage, interoperability and the commitment to plan for the safe disposal of debris.

Canada has signed on to the Artemis Accords, a US -led effort to establish global guidelines for sending explorers back to the Moon and beyond. The new development comes at a time when NASA is gearing up with its upcoming Artemis mission, which will land the first woman and the next man on the moon in 2024.

Among the countries that signed the agreement outside the United States are Australia, Canada, Japan, Luxembourg, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates.

The accords, named after NASA's Artemis moon program, seek to build on existing worldwide space law by establishing "safety zones" that would surround future moon bases to prevent conflict between states operating there, and by allowing private companies to own the lunar resources they mine.

NASA is also planning to build a Lunar Gateway, a space station orbiting the moon, which will act as a jumping off point for astronauts as they shuttle back and forth to the moon's surface.

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He added that with the signing of the accord, it will enable "to explore the Moon and are establishing vital principles that will create a safe, peaceful, and prosperous future in space for all of humanity to enjoy".

The Artemis Accord is actually reinforcing the Outer Space Treaty which was signed by 110 countries in 1967.

Japan's government says that although the accords are not legally binding, they mark the first global framework the country has joined for lunar and other space activities.

"Fundamentally, the Artemis Accords will help to avoid conflict in space and on Earth by strengthening mutual understanding and reducing misperceptions".

According to the British newspaper "Daily Mail", British companies will be able to bid for contracts worth at least 18 million pounds to build aspects of the new station through the UK's partnership with the European Space Agency. In addition, China, another space power, is among the countries that do not have a signature in the agreements. The pact also has rules on the extraction and use of space resources.

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