Health Care

US Hoping For Two COVID-19 Vaccines By End Of November

US Hoping For Two COVID-19 Vaccines By End Of November”

And to qualify for "emergency-use authorization", any COVID-19 vaccine must track at least half the participants in large-scale studies for two months after their second dose, the time period in which side effects are likely to appear.

That time line makes it unlikely a vaccine will be available before the USA election as President Donald Trump has promised.

Without further data on how effective the vaccine is and how long immunity from it may last, it's also hard to know what impact any of the shots now in phase III trials will have on controlling the pandemic.

Pfizer's comments on its time line raise the possibility of US authorization of a coronavirus vaccine this year, a key step in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic, which has killed more than a million people and ravaged the global economy.

Chinese authorities have to date not released pricing details for potential Covid-19 vaccines.

The two-shot vaccine, "EpiVacCorona", was tested among 100 volunteers in early-stage, placebo-controlled human trials, which lasted more than two months and were completed two weeks ago. "This means we may know whether or not our vaccine is effective by the end of October", Bourla said.

More news: POTUS speaks about son's condition after coronavirus bombshell

"So let me be clear, assuming positive data, Pfizer will apply for Emergency Use Authorization in the U.S. soon after the safety milestone is achieved in the third week of November", the company's chairman and CEO Albert Bourla said in an open letter.

Pfizer/BioNTech said it may have data as early as October and Moderna says it could have similar evidence in November. "We are continuing to cooperate with our foreign partners and will promote our vaccine overseas", Putin said.

Bourla estimated that Pfizer's 44,000-person study would reach that milestone in the third week of November.

Two other drugmakers are testing their Covid-19 vaccines in phase 3 trials in the United States: Moderna and Johnson & Johnson.

The Russian government has officially made an offer to the Indonesian government for the use and further development of a coronavirus vaccine, Sputnik V, which is now in its Phase III clinical trial. This would allow the companies to file for an emergency use authorization. The U.S. Department of Defense and the CDC plan to start distribution of vaccines within 24 hours of regulatory authorization. The new coronavirus vaccine comes two months after a similar move for Russia's first vaccine Sputnik V prompted widespread criticism from scientists both at home and overseas.

"The preclinical results we report in this paper demonstrate the ability of MRT5500 to elicit a favorable immune response in both mice and non-human primates", Ronald Renaud, Chief Executive of Translate Bio, said.



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